I. Kiến thức liên quan
II. Đề thi IELTS READING: The creation of lasting memories (19/3/2022)
Many studies of the brain processes underlying the creation of memory consolidation (lasting memories) have involved giving various human and animal subjects treatment, while training them to perform a task. These have contributed greatly to our understanding.
B. training goldfish to do different types of task.
C. using different types of treatment on goldfish.
D. comparing the performance of different goldfish on certain tasks.
B. long-term memories build upon short-term memories.
C. short and long-term memories are formed by separate processes.
D. ECT treatment affects both short-and long-term memories.
B. Routine tasks can be carried out unconsciously.
C. Physical accidents can impair the function of memory.
D. Complex information such as regulations cannot be retained by the memory.
B. related only to short-term memory.
C. were based on tasks involving hearing.
D. confirmed other experimental findings.
B. Activity in the brain gradually moved from one area to other areas.
C. Subjects continued to get better at a task after training had finished.
D. Treatment given to subjects improved their performance on a task.
NO if the statement contradicts the views of the writer
NOT GIVEN if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this
33. The rats in Weinberger’s studies learned to associate a certain sound with a specific experience.
34. The results of Weinberger’s studies indicated that the strength of the rats’ learned associations increases with time.
35. It is easy to see the evolutionary advantage of the way lasting memories in humans are created.
36. Long-term memories in humans are more stable than in many other species.
The results are generally consistent: they show that lasting memories are the result of a 38 ............ and complex biological process.
The fact that humans share this trait with other species, including animals with 39 ............
brains, suggests that it developed 40............ in our evolutionary history.
III. Đáp án
32. NOT GIVEN
36. NOT GIVEN