I. Kiến thức liên quan
II. Đề thi IELTS READING: Pitfalls of the Untrained Brain (21/3/2022)
Pitfalls of the Untrained Brain
One of the things that characterizes Holmes’s thinking—and the scientific ideal—is a natural skepticism and inquisitiveness toward the world. Nothing is taken at face value. Everything is scrutinized and considered, and only then accepted (or not, as the case may be). Unfortunately, our minds are, in their default state, averse to such an approach. In order to think like Sherlock Holmes, we first need to overcome a sort of natural resistance that pervades the way we see the world.
Most psychologists now agree that our minds operate on a so-called two-system basis. One system is fast, intuitive, reactionary—a kind of constant fight-or-flight vigilance of the mind. It doesn’t require much conscious thought or effort and functions as a sort of status quo auto pilot. The other is slower, more deliberative, more thorough, more logical—but also much more cognitively costly. It likes to sit things out as long as it can and doesn’t step in unless it thinks it absolutely necessary.
Because of the mental cost of that cool, reflective system, we spend most of our thinking time in the hot, reflexive system, basically ensuring that our natural observer state takes on the color of that system: automatic, intuitive (and not always rightly so), reactionary, quick to judge. As a matter of course, we go. Only when something really catches our attention or forces us to stop or otherwise jolts us do we begin to know, turning on the more thoughtful, reflective, cool sibling.
Do the statements below agree with the ideas expressed by the author? Write:
- YES if the statement agrees with the writer’s claims
- NO if the statement contradicts the writer’s claims
- NOT GIVEN if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this
1: Holmes never trusts what he sees around him.
2: Most people are also doubtful about what they see around them.
3: Most scientists enquire into their surroundings.
4: Mostly, our brain state is subconscious.
5: Thinking rationally requires more brain power.
6: We only use the deeper kind of thinking when we get angry.
III. Đáp án